Pumsa On Covid-19

What do you know about the corona virus?


What has not yet been said about the corona virus?


What has not yet been emphasized?  


There are two versions. One for the public and the other for the medical student. The later version would be accessible via unique id card QR codes


Is it an encapsulated virus?



Corona virus disease 2019 - COVID-19 as designated by the WHO (World Health Organisation) in February 2020 is the name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV 2 virus. The SARS-CoV 2 is one out of the 7 strains of the corona virus.

First case of COVID-19 was recorded in Wuhan, a city in the Hubei province of China. It rapidly spread making it a epidemic throughout china and then gradually spread to other parts of the world- hence it is now declared a pandemic by the WHO.    

An epidemic is a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time

A pandemic is a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease over a country or the world.


As earlier stated the disease is currently affecting all continents of the world except Antarctica.


How does one get infected?


The virus that causes COVID-19 probably emerged from an animal source, but is now spreading from person to person. The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It also may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.  You can learn more of what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses at https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html


How do you know if you or someone else has been infected?

The symptoms include:

? Fever

? Coughing (dry cough)

? Fatigue. Feeling of tiredness

? Difficulty in breathing/ Shortness of breath

? Muscle pains

Please note that these symptoms can also be noticed in some other diseases, hence it should be noted that these symptoms are conclusive. Hence you are advised to carefully seek medical assistance as laid out in this article.

On occasion that you notice these symptoms in yourself or a loved one, you are not to self-medicate but to remain calm.

At this point, it is necessary to mention that while the disease is highly contagious it is not as deadly. It is critical mainly in elderly and already seriously ill persons. Nonetheless, as with all diseases the ultimate outcome is not definite hence caution is advised.


Some patients have pneumonia in both lungs, multi-organ failure and in some cases death.


How to prevent getting infected.

1. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

2. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20seconds. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available

3. Avoid close contact with people in general especially those who are seen coughing and/or sneezing repeatedly. To best way to avoid contact with people (potential cases) in self-isolation or social distancing.

Self-isolation implies that one stays at home and avoid coming into proximity with people. Seeing that every day in order to do business, school and engage in other activities that we engage in we constantly come into contact with people; the government has shut down all institutions leaving out hospitals, food markets and other essential institutions.

How to self-isolate

1. It is simple, stay at home except for very important reasons such as getting food stuffs.

2. When going out to get essential stuffs ensure to stay at least 6 feet from people.

3. Have a hand sanitizer handy and make us of it as often as your hands come in contact with objects or persons.

4. As much as you can keep you hands in your pocket.


What to do if you think that you or someone is infected

If you think you are infected,

If you think someone else is infected,


What not to do

1. Do not self-medicate if you think you are infected.

2. Do not spread false information

3. Do not disregard



For more information you can visit the CDC, NCDC and WHO websites respectively.



Alawa Fidelia

Year 4

Medicine and Surgery

Alawa Fidelia